Graphical Abstract

Nakano, M., Y.-W. Chen and M. Satoh, 2023: Analysis of the factors that led to uncertainty of track forecast of Typhoon Krosa (2019) by 101-member ensemble forecast experiments using NICAM. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 101.
Early Online ReleaseGraphical Abstract NEW GA


Plain Language Summary: The operational models initialized just after the genesis of typhoon Krosa (2019) showed a very large uncertainty and totally failed to predict the actual track of Krosa. Ensemble simulations showed that the initial difference in the horizontal size of Krosa determined the occurrence of strong interaction with typhoon Lekima and the retreatment of the western north Pacific subtropical high, which led to large uncertainty of Krosa’s track forecast.